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29.07.2019

Kristina Zhandorova

Hello please send your information materials on your city, my family and I would like to visit your city and see the sights and get acquainted with all the nuances of the city. And I would like to get some of your Souvenirs for our family if you have the opportunity. Thank you in advance. My address: Kristina Zhandorova 4-aya Inogorodnyaya dom 4 Belarus, Gomel 246025  

Ответ:

Dear Кristina! On Your appeal, aimed at the blog of the mayor of Uralsk, we inform the following: Uralsk is the administrative center of the West Kazakhstan region and is located in the North-West of the Republic. The region borders with five regions of the Russian Federation: Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, Samara, Orenburg and two regions of Kazakhstan: Aktobe and Atyrau. The city is located in the Northern part of the Caspian lowland. The total area with suburbs covers more than 700 sq. km, its population is about 300 thousand people, representing almost 100 different nationalities. The oldest city in Kazakhstan – Uralsk, located on the right Bank of the Ural river at the confluence of the Chagan river. A few years ago on the place of the modern Uralsk was Parking and the settlement of nomadic tribes: the Scythians, Goths, Avars, Pechenegs and Polovtsy. The Ural river (Yaik), with its adjacent forests and pastures, was convenient for nomads. Hence the name of the settlement – Yaitsky town. The current name of the city is from 1775, when Empress Catherine II ordered to rename Yaitsky town in Uralsk. The Settlement " Zhaiyk " The settlement of the XIII – XV centuries is located in 12 km from Uralsk city. It was discovered in 2001 during a survey of the Aksai – Bolshoy Chagan – Atyrau pipeline route. In 2005 the settlement was given the name "Zhaiyk". Research is carried out by the center of history and archeology together with the Institute of archaeology. Margulan (Almaty). Several residential, public and economic objects have been identified on the territory of the settlement. This – brick-burning stove, bath, residential estates, mausoleums. At a distance of 1.5 km from the settlement there is a necropolis. The largest known sites are two of the mausoleum. The first – two-chamber, or "small", the mausoleum belongs to the representative of the nobility. Production of construction and facing material was local. For all structures of the Golden Horde of the XIII-XIV centuries the characteristic square burnt brick size 24х24х5 see the Same glazed tiles with floral ornament encountered in the Golden Horde cities. Excavations have shown that the construction of buildings, walls and even partially floors, were once thoroughly disassembled and destroyed. Outside the mausoleum looked like a rectangular volume, the size of 9x12 m, topped with two domes. The long axis of the building is oriented Yuz-SV. with a deviation of 30°. The South-Western wall was designed as a portal. In the middle of its partially preserved worn bricks entrance to the room №1 and it has a thickness of 2.25 m, while the remaining walls of the building - a thickness of 1.75 Gradually the city began to grow in the North. Wooden buildings were replaced by stone ones. And in the beginning of the nineteenth century were invited to the oral Italian architect Delmedigo. And there were mansions, giving the city an elusive similarity with some parts of St. Petersburg. Being on the border of Europe and Asia, the city witnessed many historical events. The great revolt under the leadership of E. Pugachev. National liberation uprising of Kazakhs led by Syrym Datov in 1783-1797. Movement of the Kazakh poor against feudal exploitation and colonial oppression of tsarism in 1836-1838 under the leadership of Isatay Taimanov and Makhambet Utemisov. Multilingual and multifaceted, open to all winds of Europe and Asia, in his literary chronicle fit a lot of names: I. A. Krylov, T. G. Shevchenko, V. A. Zhukovsky, V. I. Dal, A. N. Pleshcheyev, After L. N. Tolstoy, V. G. Korolenko, S. Seifullin, S. Mukanov, V. P. Pravdukhin, G. Tukay, M. A. Sholokhov. The Urals is the homeland of the great composers: Kurmangazy, Dauletkerei, Mukhit, Dina, guest artists Khadisha bukeeva, Rose Jamanova, Garifulla Kurmangaliyeva, poets and writers Hamza Esenzhanov, Tair Zharokov, Kadyr Myrzaliyev, Sagyngali Seitova, Zhuban Moldagaliyev, the first woman of the East, awarded the title of Hero Manshuk Mametova. Dozens of interesting monuments are invaluable property for future generations: the building of the former Russian-Kazakh school (now there is a historical Museum); architectural monument of the XIX century – Mikhailo-Arkhangelsk Cathedral (built in 1751) - a witness of the Peasant war of 1773-1775 under the leadership of E. Pugachev; the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, a monument of architecture of the XIX century; the building of a real military school, which was graduated from the Western branch of Alash Orda Halel and Zhansha Dosmukhamedov… The culture of Uralsk has absorbed all the richness and diversity of the spiritual heritage accumulated over the centuries by the peoples who have long inhabited the territory of the present Urals. It reached its peak in the last century, when Uralsk became the largest city in pre-revolutionary Kazakhstan. Along with the growth of trade and the development of industry, there are such large centers of culture as theater, Museum and libraries, various Newspapers and magazines are published. Unique folklore of this region is represented by the art of folk composers Kurmangazy and Dauletkerei, the dombra player – improviser Dina Nurpeisova and other performers, as well as a talented folklore of the Ural Cossacks. It is no accident that it attracted the attention of many outstanding Russian and foreign researchers. In 1833 A. S. Pushkin visited Uralsk and recorded the pearl of the Kazakh epic "Goats Korpesh and Bayan Sulu". Our city is the only one in Kazakhstan that can be proud of the fact that it was visited by a great poet. Russian researchers A. Levshin, P. Rychkov, as well as scientists P. Pallas, I. Georgi, D. Elton and D. castl Did a great job of collecting local material. In Uralsk the talent of the classic of the Tatar literature G. Tukai was formed. Here the future Russian writer-fable writer I. Krylov spent his childhood. The city grows and Matures. Today Uralsk has significantly changed: major repairs are being carried out on the Central city highways, the facades of buildings have been restored, new houses, shops and social and cultural facilities are being built. The multinational population of the city has always been distinguished by hospitality, hard work and talent. The present century is no exception in the multiplication of glorious cultural traditions. Currently, the city has one of the oldest in the country Russian and Kazakh drama theaters, Philharmonic, 4 museums, 2 cinemas, 2 palaces of culture and 11 clubs, 24 libraries with a book Fund of more than 1 million volumes, a Park of culture and recreation. The culture of the Commonwealth of Independent States and modern Kazakhstan is unthinkable without the glorious names of our countrymen, whose work has far exceeded the limits of our homeland. Suffice it to mention the names of poets Juban Muldagalieva and Kadyr Myrzaliyev, writer Leonid Makeev and musician Zakhar Bron. There are many of them among those awarded the title of people's artist of the USSR. She is a graduate of the Ural music school Rosa dzhamanova, conductor Shamgon Kazhgaliyev, composer Nazib Zhiganov, Director Azerbaijan Mambetov and others who have made up the Golden Fund of national culture. The Urals love and appreciate the work of the current generation of artists, whose names do not go with the posters of the city. It is people's artist of the Republic of Volodarskaya E., honored artists of the Republic of Kazakhstan K. Kozakov, V. Popov, S. Chudaeva, G. Zhakupova, S., and Directs others. And the work of the artist S. Gumarov, in the house-Museum of which his works are exhibited, won the hearts of connoisseurs of painting not only at home, but also far beyond its borders. Evidence of recognition of the high level of culture of Uralsk are performances in the city of outstanding performers and artists such as Svyatoslav Richter, Bibigul Tulegenova, Ermek Serkebaev, Mahmud Esambaev, Galina Nenasheva, Lev Leshchenko, Rosa Rymbaeva, etc. Welcome to our hospitable land! The book about the history of the city with photos You can get on arrival in Uralsk, at prospect Nursultan Nazarbayev, 182/1 in the building of the city akimat.


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